Psychological Well-Being of HIV Positive Patients (Age 20-34 Years) in Bandung

Handayani, Vida and Adelina, Ira (2011) Psychological Well-Being of HIV Positive Patients (Age 20-34 Years) in Bandung. In: International Seminar "Global Context and Indigenous Perspective on Health Issues", September 21-23, 2011, Salatiga.

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HIV-positive patients appear the same as other people. Physically they look healthy and able to do their daily routines well enough, even though their body’s immunity keeps decreasing. They will lose body weight drastically and easily get sick, trivial illness will take longer time to be cured. Problems that arise in HIV-positive patients were not only physical health problems but also psychological problems. They received a variety of evaluation and negative reactions from the environment, they are still often regarded as a disgrace for the community. The presence of HIV in the body can bring the patient in an unpleasant and stressful situation, making them difficult to accept the fact that they are exposed to the virus. It can also affect the patient in carrying out their developmental tasks. The existence of various problems faced by HIV-positive patients could influence their psychological well-being. Psychological well-being entails having a rich perception of various experiences and successfully manages the challenges and difficulties that may arise (Ryff and Singer, 2003). This research was conducted to get description of the psychological well-being in HIV-positive patients (aged 20-34 years) in Bandung. The method used in this research is descriptive method with survey techniques. The sample selection was done by using accidental sampling, with a total sample of 102 patients. Measuring instruments used in this study were psychological well-being questionnaire adapted from the scale of psychological well-being compiled by Ryff (1989), consists of 84 questions which is a self-report and objective tests to measure six dimensions of psychological well-being. The validity test obtained 69 valid items (0.300-0.760) and the reliability was 0.893. The result showed that there were balance between HIV-positive patients with high psychological well-being (50%) and low psychological well-being (50%). Patients with high psychological well-being, in general have a high degree on 2-6 dimensions and vice versa.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV-positive patients, psychological well-being, survey
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Depositing User: Perpustakaan Maranatha
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 03:43
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2021 12:57

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